Cultish personalities

Cultish personalities

The Master is more than just Scientology bait

By Matthew Singer 09/27/2012

The Master
Directed by Paul Thomas Anderson
Starring: Joaquin Phoenix, Philip Seymour Hoffman, Amy Adams  
Rated R for sexual content, graphic nudity and language   
137 min.

As you might have heard, The Master is the film Scientology possibly, maybe, sort of doesn’t want you to see. But based on some of Joaquin Phoenix’s acting choices, director Paul Thomas Anderson must’ve told his lead he’d be appearing in some kind of psychologically tortured, live-action Popeye movie. Playing a sailorman and World War II vet just released back to civilian life and left to deal with a sex addiction, rage issues and a slate of other psychic wounds, Phoenix keeps one eye in a perpetual squint and slurs out the side of a curled mouth. He doesn’t eat much spinach but slams back plenty of homemade hooch, mixing together whatever happens to be lying around at the time, including paint thinner.

Needless to say, he’s a bit of a loose cannon, whose explosions contain all the sense of a silverback gorilla kneed in the testicles. In one scene of especially unhinged physicality, Phoenix is shoved into a prison cell, where he smacks his head against a bunk bed, gnashes at the mattress and destroys a porcelain toilet, all with his hands cuffed behind his back.

It’s an astounding performance in a confounding movie. The Master makes deliberate allusions to L. Ron Hubbard’s sci-fi pseudo-religion, but that’s not what it’s actually about. It’s a picture that’s nearly impenetrable on first viewing, and I can’t imagine it’ll open up much with repeated screenings. But few directors’ films are as worthy of their challenges as Anderson’s. With The Master, Anderson creates a mind trap that pulls tighter the more you try to solve it.

It’s a film you’ll feel the need to watch again immediately, not for escapist joy but out of sheer obligation.

For the movie’s first 30 minutes or so, we’re alone with Phoenix’s Freddie Quell. It’s an uncomfortable half-hour. In that time, he chops coconuts on the beach and considers slashing his hand with a machete; mimes intercourse with a woman-shaped sand sculpture, then masturbates into the ocean; undergoes a Rorschach test in which he reports seeing only male and female genitalia; and attempts to choke a customer at his post-war job as a mall photographer. Although claustrophobic in their intimacy, these early scenes don’t help us understand Quell any better; but then, we’re dealing with a character who doesn’t understand himself, or the world around him. Instead, Anderson frames Phoenix in tight close-ups, allowing us to gaze upon his creased features, often for much longer than we’d care to look. That’s where the real exposition is: in the face of a man whose insecurities and lack of self-awareness have caused him to fold in on himself.

Stowing away on a boat, Quell eventually encounters Lancaster Dodd (Phillip Seymour Hoffman), a pink-hued huckster selling salvation (and a cure for leukemia) through “the Cause,” a cult-cum-self-help movement based in a variation of repressed memory therapy, suggesting followers can revisit past lives going back trillions of years. It’s here that Anderson drops in bits of Hubbard’s biography. But as Quell and Dodd become increasingly intertwined, the Scientology allegories fade into the background, and the movie becomes, like Anderson’s work stretching back to Boogie Nights, a portrait of American masculinity under duress. Dodd treats Quell like a stray puppy — he reprimands him with the phrase “naughty boy”— until he grows into an attack dog, assaulting anyone who questions Dodd’s methodology. The true nature of their relationship stays ambiguous, however, and Dodd, for all his palpable charisma, is just as unreadable as Quell. His ego is overstuffed enough for him to subtitle a book “A Gift to Homo-sapiens,” but Hoffman imbues Dodd with enough unspoken doubt that it’s never clear just how much of his own bullshit he is actually buying.

Anderson is fascinated by these two unknowable characters, to the point of eschewing traditional narrative just to focus in on them. Abetted by grandiose 65 mm cinematography and a crazy-making score from Radiohead’s Jonny Greenwood, The Master is an ambitious enigma that never figures itself out, and that’s precisely what makes it one of the year’s best films. 


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Excellent review. However far from the Scientology parallels fading, the entire film is drenched in them, right down to burying writings in the desert. But the scene that sticks with me is the prison cell scene mentioned above. It's clearly a metaphor for how the Master is mentally imprisoning Quell despite his futile thrashing about. Ultimately this is a movie about mind control, which is exactly what cults are about. I couldn't help thinking that since Tom Cruise saw this film that at some level he would connect with Freddie Quell... and eventually see how he's imprisoned by his cult.

posted by dc14522 on 9/27/12 @ 07:54 a.m.
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